Student to Student Interaction and SIOP

SIOP and Student to Student Interaction

John Kongsvik director of TESOL Trainers provides K-12 PD

SIOP (Sheltered Instructional Observation Protocol) is a framework used by K-12 teachers to make sure they are meeting the needs of all students in their classroom, especially the English learners.

The 8 components of the SIOP framework cover everything from lesson preparation, to reviewing the lesson you taught.  Each component is further broken down into more measurable features like giving clear instructions or engaging students 90-100% of the time.  In all, there are 30 features in the SIOP framework.

There are a number of things that make the SIOP framework unique.  First is its consistent and persistent attention to language.  Present in almost all of the components is one or more mentions of this important aspect of learning.  Secondly, SIOP encourages teachers to get students to interact with one another in meaningful ways.

(For an informative post on SIOP, look here).

Let's look at the fifth component of the SIOP framework:  Interaction.  This component highlights how to get students to interact with one another, the teacher, and their native language.


TESOL Trainers provides world-class K-12 SIOP professional development

SIOP Component #5: Interaction



The 5th component of SIOP is Interaction.  Notice its four features:


16.  Provide frequent opportunities for interaction and discussion between teacher/students and among students about lessons concepts, and encourage elaborated responses.
17.  Use group configurations that support language and content objectives.
18.  Provide sufficient wait time for student responses consistently.

19.  Give ample opportunities for students to clarify key concepts in L1 as needed with aide, peer, or L1 text.

Let's unpack these: SIOP feature by SIOP feature.

16.  Provide frequent opportunities for interaction and discussion between teacher/students and among students about lessons concepts, and encourage elaborated responses.

John Kongsvik director of TESOL Trainers provides K-12 PDNotice there are two parts to this feature. The first suggests that teachers need to maximize opportunities to interact and discuss with the students.

The second suggests the teacher encourage students to think critically by exploring concepts and providing more than just one-word answers.  

The inclusion of discussion time provides the teacher with the opportunity to connect with students and to assess their thinking in a formative manner.

In fact, even more powerful than teacher-student discussions are student-student dicussions.  They still provide teachers with opportunities for assessment (perhaps even more so), and the increase the number of opportunities the students have to share with one another.  This, afterall, is what most students crave.


17.  Use group configurations that support language and content objectives.

Cooperative learning is critical to learning and critical to student engagement.  Students learn better from one another than they do their teachers.  The effective teacher is the teacher who uses this to everyone's advantage.  One way to get students more engaged is to give them opportunities to work in groups.  Of course, we have to help them understand how best to work with one another, but the benefits far outweigh any inconvenience.   

John Kongsvik director of TESOL Trainers provides K-12 PDThe fact of the matter is that when a teacher asks a question and one student answers, only one student was given a chance. On the other hand, when a teacher asks a question and has the students discuss it in pairs or in small groups, every student is given a chance.

Also, no matter how "cool" of a teacher you are, students (believe it or not) prefer to be with their peers.  Effective teachers make sure students have plenty of opportunities to work with one another.

Another critical advantage to using groups is how it helps students develop the valuable life skill of working with others towards a common goal.  This, whether headed for college or a career is invaluable.  Since it doesn't happen on its own, the teacher must encourage it by providing plenty of group work opportunities and plenty of guidance on how to work best with others.


18.  Provide sufficient wait time for student responses consistently.

Wait time, or think time, is so important.  Unfortunately, the research shows that the average teacher waits less than one second from the time she asks the class a question until she chooses to answer it herself.  Ideally, waiting 3-5 seconds before assuming students do not know can have marvelous effects on the learning environment.

  1. First of all, more students tend to want to answer.  
  2. Also, the quality (not just the quantity) of the responses increases.  
  3. Finally, wait time also increases the percentage of correct responses.  
If those three things are worth 3-5 seconds of your time, wait the next time you ask a question.  Wait and see what happens!

19.  Give ample opportunities for students to clarify key concepts in L1 as needed with aide, peer, or L1 text.

If you have the benefit of speaking your students' L1 (native language) or have someone else in the classroom who can, you can help a student feel more comfortable and assess the student at a deeper level by using his/her L1 productively in the classroom.  

John Kongsvik director of TESOL Trainers provides K-12 PD
If you do not have this ability, you can always look for ways to use technology to help you.  Google translate, for example, gives teachers and students an opportunity to communicate critical information in ways that were not possible just a few years ago.

The point is that we can both validate one's native language and find a use for it in the classroom in order to support all learning and all learners.  Any language our students speak is a valuable resource that we can use to help them master the English language.


Interaction is key.  The SIOP framework challenges teachers to consider how students are going to interact with the content, the language and one another in meaningful ways.  These four features all address one aspect of interaction and what the teacher can do to promote it in the classroom.

Visit our website for more information on SIOP PD


Did you know that TESOL Trainers is the #1 provider of experiential professional development for K-12 educators?

TESOL Trainers provides SIOP and TESOL training to K-12 teachers in the United States and around the world.


Find out why people rave about John Kongsvik's SIOP Institute!

TESOL Trainers is your scaffold to success!™

Comments

Popular Posts